LAUDANUM

LAUDANUM (Heb. לוֹט, AV, "myrrh"), one of the spices which the Ishmaelite caravan carried from Gilead to Egypt (Gen. 37:25). It is also included among the "choice fruits of the land" sent by Jacob to the ruler of Egypt (ibid. 43:11). onkelos translates lot by letom, included in the Mishnah among spicery growing in Israel which is subject to the law of the Sabbatical year (Shev. 7:6). In the Midrash the lot sent by Jacob is identified with mastic, but it appears rather to be identifiable with the aromatic sap of plants of the genus Cistus, called in Akkadian luttu or ladanu, in Greek Λῆδον or Λήδανον, and in Latin laudanum. The main species of Cistus providing the aromatic sap are Cistus laudaniferus and Cistus creticus, which are lowly shrubs growing wild in Asia Minor, Crete, and Cyprus. Some scholars list the latter species as growing wild in Gilead. In Israel two species grow, the Cistus villosus, the rockrose, whose rose-like flowers are pink, and the Cistus salvifolius, with white flowers, which beautify the woods of Israel. No attempt has been made to extract laudanum from its sap. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Loew, Flora, 1 (1928), 362; H.N. and A.L. Moldenke, Plants of the Bible (1952), 77, nos. 70–72; J. Feliks, Olam ha-Ẓome'aḥ ha-Mikra'i (19682), 272–3. (Jehuda Feliks)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Laudanum — Combination of Morphine morphinan Codeine morphinan Thebaine morphinan Papaverine benzylisoquinoline Clinical data Pregna …   Wikipedia

  • laudanum — [ lodanɔm ] n. m. • XIVe; laudamum XIIIe; altér. du lat. ladanum « résine du ciste », gr. ladanon ♦ Teinture alcoolique d opium, soporifique très utilisé avant le développement des neuroleptiques modernes. « Je prends de l opium. Mes gouttes de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Laudanum — ist eine Flüssigkeit, die aus in Alkohol gelöstem Opium besteht. Sie war bis zum Verbot von Opiaten Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts ein weit verbreitetes Arzneimittel. Später nannte man Laudanum auch Opiumtinktur. Laudanum Medizinflasche 100 ml… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • laudanum — LAUDÁNUM s.n. Substanţă narcotică extrasă din opiu, folosită ca medicament. [pr.: la u ] – Din fr., lat. laudanum. Trimis de ana zecheru, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  laudánum s. n. (sil. lau ) Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar… …   Dicționar Român

  • Laudanum — Lau da*num, n. [Orig. the same wort as ladanum, ladbdanum: cf. F. laudanum, It. laudano, ladano. See {Ladanum}.] Tincture of opium, used for various medical purposes. [1913 Webster] Note: A fluid ounce of American laudanum should contain the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Laudanum — Laudānum (lat.), früher jedes Beruhigungs und Einschläferungsmittel, jetzt s.v.w. Opium; L. Sydenhams (Laudanum liquĭdum Sydenhami) ist safranhaltige Opiumtinktur (s.d.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • laudanum — c.1600, from Mod.L. laudanum (1540s), coined by Paracelsus for a medicine he mixed, supposed to contain gold and crushed pearls and many expensive ingredients, but probably owing its effectiveness to only one of them, opium. Perhaps from L.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Laudănum — Laudănum, weinige Opiumtinctur …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Laudănum — (lat.), bei den Ärzten des Mittelalters jedes Beruhigungsmittel (insbes. aus Opium) sowie jede Zubereitung, worin sie das Wirksame einer Substanz verwirklicht glaubten. Von solchen hat sich bis auf unsre Zeit nur das L. Sydenhams (L. liquidum… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Laudanum — Laudanum, Opiumextract. s. Opium …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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